The vine is a climbing plant that needs support to grow and develop and, if not pruned, can reach considerable dimensions by attaching itself to any type of grip: walls, soil, trees, etc. Branches (shoots) develop from the stem and the leaves are formed by five main lobes on a basic heart shape. The fruits come in the form of berries, they can have different shapes and colors and come together in clusters; they are covered with a peel and contain the juice from which the must is obtained. The best known species is the Vitis Vinifera with which wine is produced, but there are others such as Vitis Labrusca, Vitis Riparia, Vitis Rupestris and Vitis Berlandieri. Grapes of the Vitis Labrusca species and its hybrids with Vitis Vinifera give rise to wines with Fragolino.

The vine adapts to different types of soil and climate, ... continue

Articles on: vite

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continue ..., for example the Vinifera species tolerates very well those of the calcareous type with a dry or arid and drained climate, while the American species prefer an acid or neutral soil and, in some cases, well tolerate soil and climate rich in humidity . This plant can be used for the production of wine, of derivatives of vinification such as must, distillates, pulp of marc, etc., of table grapes, raisins, jellies, wine vinegar, etc.

Not everyone knows that the vine also has properties. In the medicinal field, a decoction of dried leaves collected from May to August, is very useful as an astringent or, for external use, for compresses and washes; fresh leaves, on the other hand, are very effective against skin diseases; the fruits harvested a little before ripening will have a refreshing, detoxifying, diuretic, digestive, laxative and antirheumatic effect; the decoction of raisins will serve as an emollient and expectorant. Even the classic wine, if drunk in moderation, can give benefits: it is diuretic, tonic, digestive and anti-anemic. The vine also finds application in the phytotherapeutic field, in fact from the seeds of Vitis Vinifera Rubra substances with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, immunostimulating, protective vessel and anti free radical properties are extracted. Recently, the properties related to a phenol contained in grape skins and seeds have been discovered, it seems to be very useful as an anti-inflammatory, against aging, for blood thinning and for the prevention of thrombus.

This plant therefore not only gives us the opportunity to produce excellent wines but also helps us fight some diseases and ailments.

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