The carrot is a plant that originated in the temperate regions of the old continent and is cultivated because of its taproot roots, which are used for both food and medicinal purposes.
The carrot varieties that are grown have fleshy roots, with a variable shape, while the color can be white, orange or red.
The variety currently cultivated is the "Daucus carota" and it is a vegetable extremely rich in beneficial substances for the human body.
The carrot is a species that adapts especially to areas characterized by temperate climates and, therefore, is grown with good results throughout the Italian territory.
Inside the carrot we do not find only beta carotene, carotenoids and alpha carotene, since there are many other important components, such as levulose, dextrose, potassium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, calcium, vitamin B6, which are all substances that make it possible to consider carrots as essential foods for proper nutrition.
Carrot is one of those foods that have a minimum amount of calories and very little fat, while they are extremely rich in substances useful for the body and, in particular, in fiber, alpha and beta-carotene.
Beta-carotene, together with alpha carotene and lutein, plays a fundamental role in assigning the orange color to carrots and the higher the intensity of this color, the greater the presence of these elements described above.
Beta-carotene is one of the most important sources of vitamin A for the human body, but excessive consumption can lead to a dangerous side effect, such as an increase in yellowish pigmentation of the skin.
However, in most cases, it is sufficient to reduce the consumption of this substance to restore the skin to its natural color.
Beta-carotene is extremely useful for the development and repair of tissues and to give an important support to keep the skin soft and healthy, but also in the prevention against infections that affect the respiratory system and as protection against the air pollution.
Carrots are characterized by being excellent allies for the intestine, given that carrot juice proves to be really effective for the rebalancing of the intestinal flora and in convalescence.
Carotenoids represent fat-soluble substances and, to increase bioavailability and absorption during the meal, the advice is to eat carrots together with extra virgin olive oil.
Carrot is also used against aphonia, for vision problems, but also as estrogen for promoting the development of the mammary glands and with a stimulating action against breast milk.
The carrot is also able to perform an excellent galactogenic action, since it is able to simplify the milk secretion in mothers, but also emmenagogue, since it is able to stimulate the menstrual flow, in case it is scarce.
Among the main properties of the carrot we also find that of the liver, since it is able to tone the liver and regenerate cells: for this reason it is often used for the treatment of indigestion, colic, liver congestion and cirrhosis.
It is also able to perform a diuretic function, since it acts directly on the liver and on the detoxification systems thanks to its stimulating action on the production of urine and the removal of toxins and waste through the same urine.
We must not forget how the carrot is able to purify the blood, since it allows to increase the level of hemoglobin, as well as being an excellent intestinal regulator, especially when it is cooked, since it performs a soothing function on the digestive system and on the intestine.
Finally, the moisturizing property allows it to support the repair of skin tissue and gives a great hand in the treatment of dry and chapped skin.
Carrot juice is an excellent balancer of the intestinal flora and is very effective in infections and toxins of this organ, but also in convalescence, after a long period of taking antibiotics or chemical drugs.
Furthermore, it manages to perform a powerful remineralizing function.
For these two reasons, carrot juice has been widely used to combat diarrhea, in which food intolerances are also often present.
In some cases, moreover, it is characterized by being really useful together with a fast of at least one day, in such a way as to bring the various intestinal functions into balance.
Carrot juice is really very rich in vitamin A and is able to treat and prevent skin diseases, especially those that are characterized by spreading on an allergic basis, such as eczema or with a strong modification of the intestinal flora, as happens in acne.
The carrot can be consumed both in its natural state, or it can be used to make juices, soups, desserts and much more.